July 22, 2018

Smartphone addiction can lead to chemical imbalance in brain

04 December 2017, 02:53 | Rodolfo Wallace

Smartphone addiction can lead to chemical imbalance in brain

Smartphone addiction can lead to chemical imbalance in brain

Are they always online, checking social media, or looking at cat and bunny videos?

"This particular region is well-known to be involved in addiction based upon the modulation of those kinds of behaviors", said Dr. Christopher Whitlow, an associate professor of radiology with the Wake Forest Substance Addiction and Abuse Center in Winston-Salem, N.C.

The effects of excessive internet and smartphone use have been well-documented.

Approximately 46 percent Americans admit the fact that they cannot live without their smartphones, stated in Pew Research Centre study.

Hyung Suk Seo, M.D., professor of neuroradiology at Korea University in Seoul, South Korea, and colleagues used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to gain unique insight into the brains of smartphone- and internet-addicted teenagers.

"Teens who are addicted to their phones and the Internet have a chemical imbalance in their brains that predisposes them to depression and anxiety", Medical News Today reported the hypothesis of the scientist.

In an attempt to do that, a research presented at the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) has claimed that excessive usage of phones & internet could create a chemical imbalance in the brain and alter the overall chemistry of the brain.

The researchers took brain scans of 19 young people diagnosed with internet or smartphone addiction, and compared them to 19 healthy controls.

Therefore, just as any other addiction, such as gambling or alcohol, smartphone, and internet addiction have significant consequences on the person.

Iowa fans revel in keeping Ohio State out of College Football Playoff
This determined who will make the College Football Playoff , along with the other 21 teams that fill out the top 25. Unfortunately for them, their lack of a championship will be a factor for them, as well as their lack of big wins.

Ahmed Shafik in Cairo hotel and in good health: lawyer
Shafiq left the UAE for Cairo following his detention, Emirates News Agency (ENA), official news agency of UAE, reported earlier. A Gulf source familiar with the matter said earlier: "Shafik has publicly asked to go to Egypt and his wish will be met".

The X Factor UK 2017 Live Final Results, Winner Revealed
An emotional Cowell who mentored the group called them "gentlemen", adding: "You are stars". "I also have to say something else". Following his elimination, Kevin told Dermot: "Thank you the United Kingdom for believing in me to put me on that stage".

An MRS is a form of MRI that can reveal changes that occur in the chemical composition of the brain.

Through standardized tests, multiple questions were put in front of the people to analyze how smartphone and internet affect their daily routine, sleeping patterns, social life, etc.

According to Dr. Seo, the ratios of GABA to creatine and GABA to glutamate correspond highly to clinical scales of internet and smartphone addictions, anxiety and depression.

Participants also completed tests to measure the severity of their addiction.

The addicted teens underwent MRS both before and after CBT, while the control group was only examined using MRS once. GABA is found in the brain of every single person in the world. GABA balances out the effect of Glx, which is an excitatory neurotransmitter that speeds up electric signaling in the brain.

Results showed that addicted teenagers had much higher GABA levels, and lower Glx levels than the controls. It was found the addicted teens scored really high in impulsiveness, anxiety, depression and insomnia.

CBT starts by breaking down a large problem into smaller, more manageable areas and then works to stop any negative thought processes.

The MRS results showed that compared to the healthy teens, the GABA to Glx ratio was significantly higher in the anterior cingulate cortex of addicted teens before the therapy. Still, this idea is yet to be confirmed by further clinical studies.

"The increased GABA levels and disrupted balance between GABA and glutamate in the anterior cingulate cortex may contribute to our understanding the pathophysiology of and treatment for addictions", Dr. Seo said.

Other News

Trending Now

Cards, Giants have framework for Stanton deal
Why would they if he's determined to play for them and no one else? Second baseman Joe Panik has also been mentioned. Over the past two days, representatives for Stanton have met with officials from the Giants , sources said.

Donald Trump's favourite McDonald's order
Oz Show" at the time, Trump said that he wanted to lose 15 to 20 pounds, but his lifestyle means he struggles to lose weight. MR COREY LEWANDOWSKI AND MR DAVID BOSSIE, the authors of a new book called Let Trump Be Trump .

On 'SNL,' President Scrooge Was Visited by the Ghost of Indictments Present
Like Dickens's Ebeneezer Scrooge, Trump is visited by his very own ghosts - personalized for Trump, as only " SNL " can see them. Then, the "ghost" of " Vladimir Putin " (Beck Bennett) appears, and finally, the ideal "ghost" comes to say "Lock him up!"

Portugal more than ´one of the best´ Ronaldo, says Lopetegui
Spain's clash with reigning European champions Portugal in Sochi on June 15 was an early highlight thrown up by the glitzy draw in the Kremlin.

Pontiac Silverdome still standing after failed implosion
The weather for Sunday is looking favorable for demoltion, but if it has to be rescheduled it will be pushed back one week. Explosives were placed on each of the steel beams that support the Silverdome's upper ring.

Iran Opens Extension Of Key Port
Swaraj met her Iranian counterpart Javed Zarif and discussed about the Chabahar port project among other issues of mutual intrest. But New Delhi has proceeded cautiously at a time when the U.S. administration has taken an aggressive new approach toward Tehran.

Terror mastermind Hafiz Saeed to fight elections in Pakistan next year
Saeed also said on Saturday that his detention in Pakistan and arrest of Hurriyat leaders in India was part of global agenda. I will gather the people from across the country for the cause of Kashmir.

Rickie Fowler conquers Bahamas to win Hero World Challenge
A further bogey followed on the par-five third when an attempted chip onto the green struck the bank and rolled back. Fowler began the day with seven consecutive birdies and shot 11-under 61 to win by four strokes.

Aaron Jones expected to play against Buccaneers
Green Bay finished with only 77 net yards passing, with Hundley going 13-of-22 for 84 yards with an interception. Winston, in his return from a shoulder injury, went 21-of-32 for 270 yards and two touchdowns.

Penn State, Washington to meet in Fiesta Bowl
They earned the final New Years Six bowl bid by virtue of finishing No. 11 in the College Football Playoff rankings. The Nittany Lions are 2-0 all time against Washington, but haven't faced the Huskies since the 1983 Aloha Bowl.