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Chocolate Is Going Extinct, According to Scientists
03 January 2018, 12:54 | Rodolfo Wallace
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the USA, cacao trees can only grow within 20 degrees north or south of the equator, where conditions are just right - fairly constant warm temperatures, high humidity, high rainfall, low winds and rich soils, conditions one would expect from rainforests.
Apparently, scientists don't believe there will enough increased rainfall to make up for the water which will be squeezed out of the plants and soil, meaning that farmers might be forced to push the production of the cacao plants higher up mountains. Now, experts have put a time frame on this it could happen in the next 30-40 years because the crop will be harder to grow in a warming climate.
The Sun reports cocoa beans, which grown on cacao trees only thrive in humid rainforest-like conditions close the equator.
Using the gene-editing machine CRISPR, the team hopes to make cacao plants more resilient to the changing weather conditions around the world. The problem is most cocoa is produced by poor families who can not afford fertilisers and pesticides, the experts noted.
Mars, producers of Snickers, Milky Way, and other delights, has pledged a $1billion effort, "Sustainability in a Generation", to reduce its carbon footprint by more than 60 percent by 2050.
"We're trying to go all in here", Mars' chief sustainability officer Barry Parkin told Business Insider.
Berkeley's gene-editing technology, called CRISPR, has been in the works for a while, though when it gets attention, it's nearly always for the potential to eliminate genetic diseases or (sort of on the extreme end of this) build "designer babies". "Personally, I'd love a tomato plant with fruit that stayed on the vine longer", she said. One such project aims to protect cassava - a key crop that prevents millions of people from starving each year - from climate change by tweaking its DNA to produce less of a risky toxin that it makes in hotter temperatures.
Doudna established a company called Caribou Biosciences to incorporate CRISPR, and has additionally authorized the innovation to rural company DuPont Pioneer for use in crops like corn and mushrooms.
Jessica Alba gives birth to baby boy
He continued: "You have two wonderful sisters who already adore you and I know you'll be thankful to have them guide the way". Alba made the announcement on her Instagram , where she posted a lovely photo of her new son, Hayes Alba Warren.
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Novak Djokovic comeback on hold after injury setback
The Spaniard has also pulled out of the Brisbane International but says he still intends to play at the Australian Open . Therefore, I will have to withdraw from ATP tournament in Doha, that has been voted the best 250 tournament in 2017.
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I'm more concerned about the fact that we didn't play well in the first quarter and there are some things we need to do better. The Thunder got composed enough for Westbrook to heave a desperation 3-pointer toward the bucket, but it came up short.
#StPetersburg supermarket bombing was terrorism, says Putin
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Woman battling cancer dies hours after getting married
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DeRozan Goes For 52 in Raptors Win
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Storm Dylan bears down on Britain with 70mph winds
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