giftedviz.com
giftedviz.com December 09, 2018


First Time Smokers Have A Higher Risk Of Becoming Addicted, Study Shows

11 January 2018, 03:14 | Rodolfo Wallace

First Time Smokers Have A Higher Risk Of Becoming Addicted, Study Shows

First Time Smokers Have A Higher Risk Of Becoming Addicted, Study Shows

Of the respondents, 60.3% said they had tried a cigarette, with 68.9% of those admitting they had progressed to daily smoking. Three of the surveys were conducted in the USA between 2001 and 2013, another three in the United Kingdom between 2010 and 2014, one in Australia in 2013 and another in New Zealand in 2009.

"This is the first time that the remarkable hold that cigarettes can establish after a single experience has been documented from such a large set of data", said Peter Hajek, professor of clinical psychology and director of the Tobacco Dependence Research Unit at Queen Mary University of London, who led the research.

Considering the high conversion rate found across the surveys, the researchers conclude that at least some of the decline in smoking prevalence observed over the last 20 years could be attributed to a reduction in experimentation by adolescents.

But he said the United Kingdom was seeing a "dramatic reduction in smoking", with only 19 per cent of 11 to 15-yearolds having tried it. Individuals in the United Kingdom, for example, were particularly susceptible to becoming regular smokers after trying one cigarette, as more than 80 percent of respondents there who had smoked one cigarette reported taking up a daily habit.

In 2016, 15.8% of adults smoked - equivalent to around 7.6 million people.

Kanhaiya Kumar spotted at Mevani's Yuva Hunkar rally
The rally began at 1pm, and was joined by the students from JNU, and leaders like Akhil Gogoi and even the Supreme Court lawyer Prashant Bhiushan.


Ex-Browns coach Mike Pettine to be Packers' defensive coordinator
The Packers dumped Capers on January 1 after they finished 22nd in the National Football League in total defense. Pettine replaces Dom Capers , who was sacked after spending nine seasons as Green Bay's defensive coordinator.


Radiohead deny suing Lana Del Rey over Creep
The Hollies own the legal battle and Radiohead were ordered to hand over a percentage of royalties and credit the writers. It has to be said, there are similarities between the two songs.


However, Deborah Arnott, chief executive of the charity Action on Smoking and Health stated that government now should come up with strict regulation om tobacco sales.

"The government is refusing to introduce licensing for tobacco retailers, even though there is strong support for this both from the public and retailers", she said.

The different surveys used different methodologies and yielded different results, so the estimated 68.9 per cent "conversion rate" from experimentation to daily smoking has a margin of error (between 60.9 and 76.9 per cent).

But, he added, "I think even if you assume there is a recall issue and other things, you are talking about more than a 50% [conversion rate from trying a cigarette to daily smoking]".

Professor Linda Bauld, Cancer Research UK's prevention expert, said the work highlights the importance of preventing experimentation in young people. The company is also planning to lend support to the anti-smoking efforts of local United Kingdom governments in areas where smoking rates have spiked up.



Other News

Trending Now

Kendall Jenner hits back at critics over acne at Golden Globes
Watch the video below to see the photos Kendall got slammed over and how Kendall took it all with such class. Kendall Jenner may be put on a pedestal - given her famous family and supermodel status, of course.

Spider Sparks Apartment Fire After Attempt to Kill It With Flames
They say they were trying to burn the spider with a propane torch when they accidentally ignited the corner of a box spring. It became confusing when things didn't go to plan with the man on Sunday, in from California , as his house was burnt down.

Snowden says programmes like Aadhaar result in abuse
The Unique Identification Authority of India ( UIDAI ) wants a probe into "unauthorised access" to its database. Section 66 of the IT Act and Section 36/37 of the Aadhaar Act have also been applied against the accused.

Bundy goes free: Judge dismisses case against rancher after mistrial
Love led the failed 2014 impoundment and is a controversial figure in the West, known for his aggressive law enforcement tactics. Whipple said the effect that Monday's dismissal will have on that forthcoming trial "is going to be nothing but positive".

Dylan Farrow Wants To Know When Woody Allen's Time Will Be Up
I seem to remain secondary to their ambition, which undermines the powerful and embracing message they are trying to send. Since 1993, Farrow has stood by her accusation that Allen, her adoptive father, sexually abused her when she was a child.

Trump stands on field for National Anthem at college game
Monday's national championship game is the first football game Trump has attended since being inaugurated as president. The president watched the game from a private box overlooking the Alabama sideline, flanked by ROTC students.

Cleveland Browns poach Packers personnel exec Eliot Wolf
So the Packers managed to piss just about everyone else in the front office off in hiring Brian Gutekunst as general manager. Highsmith has reportedly joined the Browns front office, but it has not been made official by the team.

Egypt Quietly Begins to Accept Jerusalem as Capital of Israel
Pence will leave on January 19 for Egypt , where he will hold talks the next day with President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. While in Israel , Pence also plans to visit the Western Wall and the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial.

Harvey Weinstein Video Shows Restaurant Attack
Steve, who admitted to the gossip site that he'd had "quite a bit to drink", marched up to Weinstein and slapped him twice. TMZ said the person shooting asked if Weinstein wanted to call the police, though this does not appear on the video .

Matt Patricia To The NY Giants Looking More and More Likely
On Wednesday, Pat Leonard of the New York Daily News reported "all signs are pointing to" Patricia as the Giants' next head coach. Leonard suggests Patricia could hire Alabama offensive coordinator Brian Daboll due to their time spent together in New England.