March 23, 2018

Google Doodle celebrates 96th birth anniversary of Nobel Laureate Har Gobind Khorana

11 January 2018, 09:10 | Megan Pierce

Har Gobind Khorana

Har Gobind Khorana Indian American biochemist nobel prize in genetics DNA National Medal of Science University of Wisconsin Indian American scientist

His Nobel in Physiology or Medicine came in 1968, while he was at the University of Wisconsin, and he was jointly awarded with colleagues working independently, Robert Holley and Marshall Nirenberg.

Khorana was born in Raipur Jan. 9, 1922 and grew to become a Nobel Prize-winning researcher, earning the honor for research on nucleotides and genes. He was also awarded National Medal of Science for his pioneering work in the field of genetics.

As Google reports, Khorana's father helped his children learn to read and write. The DNA research which awarded him the Nobel Prize, he began at the University of Columbia.

"Together", Google explains, "they discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built". Proteins are responsible for basic form and functions. "His accomplishments didn't stop there".

The research which make him prominent personality in science was construction of the world first artificial gene. He announced in 1976 that he was able to make an artificial gene function within a bacterial cell.

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The effective step which the scientist like Har Gobind Khorana shows the way to a number of development and studies.

Khorana's birth anniversary is today; he would have been 96 years old.

Khorana died November 9, 2011, in MA at the age of 89.

Khorana lived in many countries throughout his life. "He went to the University of Liverpool where he obtained his doctorate". "It was the introduction of Khorana to Western civilization and culture", the Nobel biography says.

Dr. Khorana then spent time at the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule in Zurich with Professor Vladimir Prelog, returned to India for a brief period and then back to England where his interest in proteins and nucleic acids came to fruition in Cambridge.

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