November 18, 2018

Record High Number Of STI Infections In US

30 August 2018, 03:28 | Rodolfo Wallace

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released new data showing a sharp rise in three sexually transmitted diseases.

Almost 2.3m cases of chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis were diagnosed in the United States in 2017, scientists found. About 45 percent of cases were among young women aged 15 to 24.

It is the highest figure ever recorded - outstripping the record set in 2016 by more than 200,000.

"We have seen steep and sustained increases over the last five years", said Dr. Gail Bolan, director of the Division of STD Prevention at the CDC.

"It is evident the systems that identify, treat, and ultimately prevent STDs are strained to near-breaking point".

The National Coalition of STD Directors is asking the government to authorize emergency access to public health funding so they can combat the crisis.

Health officials have issued stark warnings as data reveals that sexually transmitted infections are soaring in the US.

Chlamydia remained the most common STD reported, with more than 1.7 million cases in 2015.

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In the previous year, cases of primary and secondary syphilis grew more than 10%.

In a statement, the CDC said that the diseases are usually curable with the help of antibiotics, however, if left untreated the infection can lead to infertility, stillbirth in infants, and even an increased risk of HIV.

Of these, 555,608 cases of gonorrhea represented a 67 percent uptick in the same time period.

CDC funding for prevention efforts has hovered around $157 million for the past 18 years, Harvey said.

"Doctors are not screening and testing for STDs, and patients don't know they need to ask for that screening and treatment", he said at the briefing.

In recent years, gonorrhea has become resistant to almost every class of antibiotics, except ceftriaxone.

The finding adds concerns that azithromycin-resistant genes in some gonorrhea could crossover into strains of gonorrhea with reduced susceptibility to ceftriaxone - and that a strain of gonorrhea may someday surface that does not respond to ceftriaxone.

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