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giftedviz.com October 17, 2018


Laser pioneers win Nobel Physics Prize

04 October 2018, 08:59 | Ross Houston

Laser Advances That Changed Our Lives: Nobel Prize in Physics

3 scientists win Nobel Prize in physics for laser inventions

"It's something that sort of never happens at this level", he said in a video released by France's Polytechnique school, where he is professor.

"I'm so happy Art Ashkin also won", Strickland said during the announcement ceremony this morning. "With the technology we have developed, laser power has been increased about a million times, maybe even a billion".

Arnault's conviction came minutes before the academy announced American James Allison and Japanese Tasuku Honjo as winners of this year's Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

Half the $1 million prize goes to Arthur Ashkin of the United States and the other half will be shared by Gerard Mourou of France and Canada's Donna Strickland. "It's a recognition of the strength of the physics and astronomy program and Donna in particular". The technique they developed opened up new areas of research and led to broad industrial and medical applications. Marie Curie, who researched radioactive substances and remains the only woman to win two Nobel prizes, won the prize for physics in 1903. He immediately began studying biological systems, and optical tweezers are now widely used to investigate the machinery of life, the statement added.

Mourou and Strickland are being recognized for their work on high-intensity lasers.

"The inventions being honored this year have revolutionized laser physics".

Strickland is only the third woman to ever win the Nobel physics prize.

Arthur is a researcher at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey. The economics victor in 2012, Lloyd Shapley, was 89. He was awarded one half of the prize.

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In an interview with NobelPrize.org, the official website of the prize, Strickland said that when she first learned that she had won, she wondered if it might be a prank. "I think... it's somewhat thinking outside the box to stretch first, and then amplify".

Earlier in 2018, Wikipedia rejected a Wikipedia user's attempt to create an entry for Strickland, claiming she was not notable enough.

"We are obviously disappointed", Arnault's lawyer, Bjorn Hurtig told TT. Speaking by phone to the Academy, a moved Strickland said she was thrilled to receive the Nobel prize that has been the least accessible for women.

The female laureate among the three is just the third to get the award, and the first woman in 55 years to be so honored.

Strickland is the first female Nobel laureate in any field in three years.

In 2008, she was named a fellow of the Optical Society of America for her pioneering work in the field of ultrafast laser and optical science.

Arthur Ashkin of Bell Laboratories in the United States won half of the prize for inventing "optical tweezers" while Frenchman Gerard Mourou, who also has U.S. citizenship and Canada's Donna Strickland shared the other half for work on high-intensity lasers.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which chose the winners, said Ashkin's development of "optical tweezers" that can grab tiny particles such as viruses without damaging them realized "an old dream of science fiction - using the radiation pressure of light to move physical objects".



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